The Rocket Flame

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Coding vs. Programming: What’s The Difference?

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Coding vs. Programming: What’s The Difference?

Showing him something on the computer, Mr. Brooks (Faculty) teaches Ty Robinson (10) a new concept.

Showing him something on the computer, Mr. Brooks (Faculty) teaches Ty Robinson (10) a new concept.

Showing him something on the computer, Mr. Brooks (Faculty) teaches Ty Robinson (10) a new concept.

Showing him something on the computer, Mr. Brooks (Faculty) teaches Ty Robinson (10) a new concept.

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The two computer terms, coding and programming, are words that we often use interchangeably without giving it much thought. Yes, they are correlated with each other but we rarely dive in deep to what each individual word truly means. Simple tasks such as setting your alarm clock, changing the radio station, or pressing the buttons on a microwave could lead to something even bigger in the immense world of technology. Writing code is only the start of creating software, and programming is where the process becomes extremely complex.

    

    The action of writing code is simply telling the computer what to do and how to function. Programming is putting all that information together and putting it to use.

 

    “Coding would be writing individual lines of information on a computer,” said Mr. Bill Brooks (Faculty), “and when it’s all compiled together, it creates one large program.”

 

   Although they sound similar, the jobs of coders and programmers are two vastly different things. The job of a coder is at a much more intermediate level than that of a programmer. It involves writing singular lines of code, while translating the computer language to the language you and I speak.

 

    “When you are coding, you are truly writing the code that maybe the everyday person wouldn’t understand,” said Mrs. Erin Martin (Faculty).

 

As for the job of the programmer, it requires a more advanced skillset. A programmer makes sure a machine or application runs efficiently without any mistakes. Making sure there are no errors is crucial to the machine correctly running as one large program. Making an error can ruin all of the computer coding that has already been done. The coding has to already be complete so that the programmer’s job can begin.

 

    “Before the programming can be done, somebody had to code it kind of in the background,” said Martin.

Working hard, Joshua Frey (10) sets up a code for his program.

    At James Buchanan High School, there is a computer science class offered that is taught by Brooks. During class, his students learn about the basic outline of coding and put it into practice. Brooks then teaches his students about compiling the codes together to make one large program. This program, if done correctly, would allow a machine to work effectively.

 

    “We write a lot of codes to make the program run correctly,” said Brooks talking about what activities happen daily, in his computer science class.

 

    Striving for greatness, the teachers in the technology education department hope to see a dramatic advance in the computer knowledge of students. As time passes, they feel that the coding and programming that is usually done behind the scenes, will start to be done by the consumers themselves.

 

    “Just like, years ago, we used to hire people to do typing. Now everybody does their own typing,” said Brooks, “Presently, we hire people to code, but in the future, people are going to start writing their own codes to make programs do what they want for their unique application.”

 

    If you have ever heard of the two terms, the line between coding and programming has always been blurred by assumption that they mean the same thing. The teachers of the technology education department, Mr. Brooks and Mrs. Martin, have been trying to teach their students the vast difference so that they may be able to do it on their own someday. They hope for the computer-based knowledge in the teenagers they teach to expand greatly as they learn more and more concepts.

Eva Dempsey, Staff

Eva Dempsey is 15-years old and she is in her sophomore year at James Buchanan High School. Her favorite color is yellow and her favorite food is pizza....

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Explore Your Major

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Explore Your Major

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On January 23, the JBHS College Ambassadors held their first Major Exploration Day.  Throughout the day the Ambassadors presented PowerPoint presentations and handed out pamphlets to inform students about different college majors and careers they may want to pursue.  Covering twelve different majors from International Studies to Health Sciences, there was information for everyone.

“At one of our weekly meetings the College Ambassadors choose different majors that they wanted to represent,” said Amy Violante (Faculty). “Then they made handouts visuals to share with the other students.”

The goal was to inform the student body about career paths you can choose and the different steps required to get there. Ambassadors were split up into four groups to collect information about careers and study up on various topics that they then would present to the student body.  

Cass Martin and Harley Rife (12) teach Hannah Zomak, Cormac Houpt, and Logan Williams (12) about Health Sciences.

“We had a lot of students come today interested in Nursing and Business,” said Cass Martin (12). “ We gave the students something to take with them so that they could go home and reflect afterward.”

Students came in and out of the library all day to watch the presentations and get the handouts created by the Ambassadors.  Anyone who participated in the Major Exploration Day by asking questions or listening to a presentation received a penate from the college of their choice.  Students were also added into a raffle for a chance to win a speaker or headphones as a prize.

“I really enjoyed getting to learn about my intended major, Animal Science,” said Rose Runyan (12). “Ms. Violante told me about the in-depth requirements and what I must do to achieve that major.”

Visuals shown during the Major Exploration Day showed schooling requirements for the intended careers. If there wasn’t a PowerPoint on a career selected by a student there was a bin full of miscellaneous careers that had information regarding the paths taken to get there.  The Ambassadors felt that they had a successful day with over 70 participants entered in the speaker raffle.

“The morning was a little slow, but thanks to some great study hall advertisement and some teachers who encouraged their student to come, we had a good turn out,” said Violante.

For more college advice and assistance, Ms. Violante will also be holding the next SATTea Time next Friday, February 1 for whoever is interested in registering for the spring SAT.  Also, there will be another FAFSA completion night on February 11 for any seniors who still need help completing financial aid packages.

Aria Jewel-Barnett (12) presents English and Education majors during Major Exploration Day.

Alyssa Blair, Staff

Alyssa Blair is a a first-year member of the James Buchanan Student Media staff.  She is a senior at James Buchanan High School and is very involved. ...

A Day in the Life of Mr. Bradley

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A Day in the Life of Mr. Bradley

Mr. Thomas Bradley (Faculty) smiles for a photo at his desk.

Mr. Thomas Bradley (Faculty) smiles for a photo at his desk.

Mr. Thomas Bradley (Faculty) smiles for a photo at his desk.

Mr. Thomas Bradley (Faculty) smiles for a photo at his desk.

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Former JBMS Science teacher,  Mr. Thomas Bradley (Faculty) took the position of Assistant Principal of James Buchanan High School.  The transition from teacher to principal has been overwhelming but in a good way.

“The analogy I have been giving most people is that as a teacher I was able to control my day and now my day as an Assistant Principal is dictated by others,” said Bradley. “The part I enjoy the most is the interactions I get to have with all the different people.”

The hardest thing for Bradley was getting use to others commanding his time.  Now as Bradley fills his new role, no day is the same. As an Assistant Principal, Bradley communicates with parents, students, teachers, and administrators.

“Mr. Bradley is really nice,” said Brenden Wingate (10).“When I’m in trouble he’ll approach me and we will talk about it in a civilized way.”

Most people do not realize just how busy a day in the life of an Assistant Principal is, but in fact, it is jammed packed with meetings, phone calls, and many surprise incidents.  A typical day for Bradley is shown in the timeline below.

Alyssa Blair, Staff

Alyssa Blair is a a first-year member of the James Buchanan Student Media staff.  She is a senior at James Buchanan High School and is very involved. ...

A Day In the Life Of Mr. Poe

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A Day In the Life Of Mr. Poe

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When you think of your teachers, you probably think of them staying in one classroom, teaching the same class throughout the day, but that’s not the case for Mr. Eric Poe (Faculty).

For eleven years, Poe has been the James Buchanan High School’s Chorus teacher. Throughout his day he travels to three different schools, teaches five different classes, and instructs kids ranging from fifth to twelfth grade.

To be able to teach his students, Poe has to be “performing” at all times. He has to sing in his vocal classes to teach proper techniques and demonstrate how to sing the notes properly, as well as be able to play the trumpet and piano for his music theory and elementary band classes. Even when he’s not having a good day or not feeling well, he still has to perform and be at his best to be able to teach his students.

Starting out his day on Tuesdays and Thursdays, Poe reports with Messa Voce, a special choral group, to the high school at 7:15 AM. At this time, they rehearse chamber, more classical repertoire, and popular, or “pop” music. The popular music they put to choreography.

First period, Poe teaches high school Chorus. During this period, some students have band, so he and Mrs. Sheryl Deike (Faculty) have to trade the students off every other day, having a “full Band” one day, and “full Chorus” the next. Here, they practice music for their Chorus concerts.

Messa Voce returns to Poe second period. Most days, he mainly focuses on Messa Voce, but on Wednesday he rehearses with the Five-Point Band, Messa Voce’s music ensemble.

Everybody in Messa Voce is encouraged to try out for District Chorus, and most make it to County Chorus. Since these activities are at the beginning of the year, during that time they mainly focus on the music for that appropriate activity. When not working on that, they’re working on their concert music.

Third period, Poe teaches AP Music Theory. This class involves teaching students the mechanics of music. He teaches notation to his students, as well as ear training, to get them prepared for the AP test at the end of the year.

Period four, Poe not only has his lunch period, but also his planning period. While simultaneously eating his lunch, he also sends emails, writes his lesson plans, and completes anything else he needs to before 

he heads down to the middle school around 12:30 PM. By getting there early, he has to have enough time to prepare the auditorium and get organized before his students come.

“There’s a lot of different things happening during that period [middle school activity period], so it’s hard to get the students to our practice,” said Poe.

At the middle school, Poe teaches not only seventh and eighth grade Chorus, but also sixth grade Chorus. Like the high school, the middle school Chorus period also has Band that happens at the same time. In addition, this period serves as a free period for students to do make-up work and attend other clubs. Sometimes Chorus only gets to meet once a week, and with everybody asking to leave and signing out, it takes up around ten minutes of his period, making it go from forty to thirty minutes. At times, this period is one of the most stressful times of his day, according to Poe.

Around 2:15 PM, Poe heads either to Mountain View or St. Thomas Elementary schools to teach Beginners’ Band. He brings his trumpet along to show students how to play the different rhythms and what the notes should sound like. Many of his students ask how to play the notes and the correct finger positioning of them. At 3:15 PM, his students are picked up and he is able to go home.

Poe’s crazy schedule at times leaves him stressed and exhausted to a point where he does not have the time to help teachers out as much as he’d like

“I’m not complaining, I just want my colleagues to understand,” said Poe.

Although Poe has a crazy, busy day, he gets satisfaction from being able to teach so many kids and bringing music into their lives.

 

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Winter Skincare

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Winter Skincare

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When you step outside into the cold, dry air, you can suddenly feel its chilling effect on your skin. The winter’s cold air has little moisture compared to the rest of the year; therefore, it’s important to not forget to give the gift of moisturizer and other products to your skin this season.

 

As the weather gets colder and your skin starts to attempt to adjust, you may notice some changes in your skin. Altering your daily skincare routine may be needed in order to get your skin back to its natural healthy glow.

 

“I have a charcoal face wash that I wash my face with every day at both morning and night,” said Gwenhvier Hunt (12).”Then, I use witch-hazel as a toner and a Neutrogena spot treatment. Lastly, I use rose water to hydrate.”

 

Your skin has its own personality, so daily routines may vary depending on whether your skin is naturally dry or oily. However, seasonal change also causes your skin to adjust. With the cold and dry air, your skin may start to dry up, peel or become red and itchy.

 

“My skin gets really dry and breaks out more than normal in the winter time,” said Mallory Peck (11). “I make sure I cut down on how often I wash my face because the air is already dry enough, and I make sure I apply extra lotion so it stays hydrated.”

 

Your hands are also more prone to become dry and crack open. Carrying around a small bottle of lotion may be a lifesaver when it comes to preventing splitting skin.

 

There are many products that can help ease the pain and inconvenience of dry skin or even just make your skin look and feel more healthy.

 

“I really like witch-hazel because it’s the most natural toner that you can get,” said Hunt. “Also, it just really works.”

 

Also, even though Christmas cookies and candy are a must around Christmas, what you eat and drink could also have a pretty big impact on your skin’s health this season.

 

“I definitely know what I eat affects my skin,” said Peck. “Cutting down on the sugar does wonders for me.”

 

The skin is the biggest organ of the body. It covers your whole body from head to toe. It protects your other organs from harm and also helps regulate your body temperature. That being said, taking care of your skin this winter season is like a thank you for all that it does for you.

 

Emma Gipe, Staff

Emma Gipe is 17 years old and a junior at James Buchanan. Dance is her passion, and she does Jazz, Ballet, Lyrical, Pointe, and Tap.  She also serves...

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15 Last-Minute Christmas Gift Ideas

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15 Last-Minute Christmas Gift Ideas

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Trees are being lit, cookies are being made, and presents are being wrapped. Christmas is fast approaching and the countdown to the big day is getting closer and closer. As you realize that Black Friday and Cyber Monday have passed, you may find yourself still missing that perfect gift.

 

“I have so many gifts to still buy,” said Lexi Palmer (9), “It’s so hard to find the perfect gift sometimes.”

 

The Holidays can be expensive, from buying presents for secret santas to all of your family members, the only thing you may want to do is just save a buck.

 

“I especially like to shop at TJ Maxx and Target because you can find good deals,” said Bri Cole (10).

1.Monogrammed mug filled with sweets – $8 

2. Fun Facemasks – $4

3. Succulents – $12

4. Festive Socks – $5 

5. Watches – $15

6. Inspirational Wooden Signs – $15

7.  Local Gift Basket – $15 Bobbie’s Gifts, 11 W Seminary St, Mercersburg, PA 17236

8.  Cosmetics

9. Letter boards – $15

10. Records – $10-$20

11. Wireless Phone Charger for IPhone 8, 8  Plus, and X – $10-$20

12. Lotion

13. Scented Candles

14. Gift Cards

15. Cable Bites – $8

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10 Ways To Make Your Christmas Season Sleigh

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10 Ways To Make Your Christmas Season Sleigh

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After all the turkey and stuffing is gone, and 95.1 immediately begins playing Christmas music, it’s time to get into the Christmas spirit. You can finally crank up “Jingle Bells” and decorate your tree with no judgment of celebrating “too early.” There are many little things you can do to make your Christmas season as festive as possible.

 

Hershey Sweet Lights in Hershey, PA is a 2-mile drive through about 600 different displays of animated Christmas lights. As you drive through the winding  path, you can tune your radio to the special station that corresponds to the dancing and twinkling lights.

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Hershey’s Sweet Lights in Hershey, PA.

Another way to enjoy the Christmas season is to take advantage of the deals when it comes to holiday shopping. Many stores have special promotions going on for buying lots of gifts. Malls and stores are decorated for the season and luring shoppers in with their sales and festive music. Locally, many people go to the Valley Mall or the Hagerstown Premium Outlets to do their holiday shopping.

 

Immediately after Thanksgiving, the upbeat and happy Christmas music begins to play which makes it obvious that it’s time for the holidays and to celebrate. Listening to Christmas music is a central idea in the holiday season.

 

“Listening to Christmas songs makes me enjoy this season so much because it just warms my heart how happy everyone gets,” said Lizzie Pittman (12).

 

One prominent thing in the holidays is shopping for a Christmas tree. Picking out a live Christmas tree is a unique experience when it comes to just getting an artificial tree out of a box every year.

 

“Finding the perfect Christmas tree with my family really puts me in the holiday spirit,” said Nathan Walls (12).

 

Another idea is ice skating. Locally, you can go to the Hagerstown Ice and Sports Complex and lace up a pair of ice skates. Admission is $5.00 and skate rental is $2.00.

 

“I really enjoyed going  ice skating my first time”, said Marlee Barry (12), “I liked it so much I actually once thought about taking lessons”.

 

Many locals in our area also spend time at Whitetail Ski Resort throughout the winter season, whether it’s time spent working, skiing, snowboarding or tubing. Whitetail has not yet opened for the season but will soon begin making snow for lots of skiers and snowboarders to enjoy.

 

Around this time is when many family members and friends give and receive gifts from one another. Many people participate in “Secret Santa” gift exchanges. Names are drawn out and you must get a gift for that person and keep it a secret until you exchange gifts.

 

“Secret Santa is a great way to celebrate the holiday because of the suspense and excitement it creates by not knowing who is surprising you”, said Emily Gipe (12).

 

Student Council also holds the annual Food Drive for the holiday season where students can bring in non-perishable canned goods to donate to families in need. The competition that takes place between the homerooms to win the prize gets lots of students participating.

 

There are also many other ways to donate back to the community during the holidays. Many “Toys for Tots” boxes and local shelters and organizations are in need of donations.

 

“We should all aspire to help others because helping other should be a part of your life,” said Mallory Peck (11). “Seeing someone else happy and know you were able to make that happen in some sort of way is one of the best feelings.”

 

Snickerdoodles, chocolate chip, and sugar cookies are another way add to the holiday season. Many people bake treats to share with friends and family as a miniature present and a way to enjoy each other.

 

“My family always has a cookie bake day where we all get together at my great aunt’s house to eat lunch, bake cut out cookies, make a craft, and just have a good time in everyone’s company,” said Elena McNulty (11).

 

Memories and traditions made this time of year become annual and a special part of many people’s Christmas.

 

“My favorite tradition is playing Hershey Kiss Oven Mitt Relay Race at my Nana’s house after dinner,” said Harley Rife (12). “We put on oven mitts and try to unwrap a Hershey Kiss. When everyone on your team unwraps their candy, they get to open gifts first and also receive a mystery gift.”

 

When it’s time to relax by the Christmas tree, make sure you include watching lots of Christmas movies. This time of year, many TV channels and apps like Netflix have a wide selection of Christmas movies to enjoy with your families. Some movies to watch on Netflix are How The Grinch Stole Christmas, A Princess Switch, The Christmas Chronicles, and A Christmas Prince.

 

“All my family watches Hallmark Christmas movies the entire day of Christmas Eve in our matching pj’s and then we make home made cookies for the younger ones to put out for Santa,” said Kali Rotharmel (12).

 

Many memories can be made and fun can be had while doing activities during Christmas. You can spend time enjoying the weather and seasonal activities, but always remember the real reason for the season and what it means to you.

 

Emma Gipe, Staff

Emma Gipe is 17 years old and a junior at James Buchanan. Dance is her passion, and she does Jazz, Ballet, Lyrical, Pointe, and Tap.  She also serves...

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A Merry Mercersburg Christmas

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A Merry Mercersburg Christmas

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It’s the beginning of the most wonderful time of the year, and the decorations around town show it. Wreaths are hanging off parking meters, the light poles are draped in garland, and local businesses adorn various ensembles of decorations. The staple of Mercersburg’s festive spirit is located in the square, and it stands tall with sparkling lights and ornaments: the Christmas tree.

On Nov. 24, the Tuscarora Area Chamber of Commerce held a Merry Mercersburg Tree Lighting from 4-7pm. Many

Celebrating their first birthday, One North gave out free cake to their customers in flavors vanilla, chocolate, and ginger.

businesses came together to generate a festive atmosphere.

A center of the evening’s events revolved around the local coffee shop, One North. The fairly new business celebrated

their first birthday on Nov. 24. To any customer who stopped by, there was a free slice of birthday cake. Also, there was free coffee and hot chocolate being offered outside to anyone attending the lighting. For the children, Christmas crafts were available in the shop.

For One North, this one-year journey has been full of a lot of changes and progress.

“The entire store has grown and improved very rapidly. Just recently we tore down a wall and put in a bakery case, literally overnight, to display our talented baker’s hard work and efforts,” said Logan Williams (12), who works at One North.

The coffee shop is still working on how to improve their business.  

Some businesses gave out free goodies during the Merry Mercersburg Tree Lighting. Shay Fisher (12) enjoys free milk and cookies from Agronomy Inc.

“I foresee us being open on Monday every week rather than being closed,” said Williams.  “People enjoy being there and want to spend as much time there as they can.”

While Christmas music played throughout the square, several vendors gathered to offer their goods up. Agronomy Inc. gave away free cookies and milk for people to munch on as they shopped around. Other businesses were also attending, such as Snider’s Elevator.

The Rocket Band was also a vendor, selling baked goods to raise money to give to the Music Boosters.

“We are here supporting the JB Music Boosters to help raise money for everything we need for our indoor program,” said Lauren Ramsey (10). “There’s a lot of things parents do to raise money that not a lot of people know about, so I like to come out and help with that.”

Raising money for the Music Boosters, Lauren Ramsey (10) and Hannah Hicks (7) sell baked goods.

The band had sold a lot of goods, as a lot of people turned out to show their support.

“There’s been a lot of people coming by, buying whole things (baked goods) and using them for parties and other things

like that,” said Ramsey.

At 6 o’clock, Mr. and Mrs. Santa Claus made an appearance. After riding in on a fire truck from Mercersburg Volunteer

Fire Department, they stopped by to take photos with kids and those young at heart.

The Mercersburg tree was lit at 6:30 pm on the square.

Then, at 6:30, the tree was lit. After a speech was given, the many people attending the lighting gathered around to countdown for the tree. This year’s tree was donated by M&T Bank and stands tall in front of the business on the square.

The last event of the night was held at the Star Theatre. It’s A Wonderful Life was played for free. Along with the movie, free popcorn, drinks, and candy were given out. The movie was sponsored by the Mercersburg Academy. The star of the Christmas classic, Jimmy Stewart, was a Mercersburg Academy graduate.

It’s just the end of November, but Christmas cheer is already being spread throughout Mercersburg. The lighting of the Christmas tree on Nov. 24 was not just that, but it was also an event filled with giving from local businesses and holiday festivities.

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Brooms, Mops, and Dustpans Oh My!

The Truth Behind How The School Gets Clean

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Brooms, Mops, and Dustpans Oh My!

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As the bell rings, the students file out the door onto the buses, leaving the mess that is left over from the day behind. The real question is, who is in charge of cleaning the school preparing for the next day? A team of seven janitors work day and night to clean and sanitize the school to ensure the health of everyone here.

 

Mr. Jeff Cole (Faculty) is the newly-hired Head Custodian for James Buchanan High School. Starting May 14 2018, Cole recently just celebrated his six-month anniversary of employment at TSD.

 

“If you like what you do, you never work a day in your life,” said Cole. “I love what I do, I wouldn’t trade it for the world.”

Growing up in southern New Jersey, he went to a local college for an Asian and Latin degree. After completing his degree, Cole served a couple years in the New Jersey Police Department and realized it wasn’t for him.

 

“If you don’t see yourself retiring from the job, then what’s the point in working?” said Cole.

 

Cole then got a job as a janitor at an elementary school in south Jersey. When starting this new job, he realized that being a custodian was for him. The faculty and staff liked him so much that they invited him to class celebrations at a local beach.

 

“Being a janitor is very rewarding, said Cole. “You see a difference in what you’re doing start to finish.”

 

Taking a trip to Gettysburg, Cole fell in love with the area of Pennsylvania, intrigued by the scenery and historical aspect of the community. Leaving his hometown, he went house searching for the right match for him. After a long search, he found a house in the community of Mercersburg with a short commute to work. Cole heard about the head custodial position on a listing the school posted. With previous experience, he knew that he fulfilled all of the qualifications.  

 

“I just wanted to be happy,” said Cole.

 

Starting in May, school was coming close to completion. Cole was trained by the other janitors in the school, they showed him what needs to be done and how to do it. With summer quickly approaching, he had multiple jobs that had to be completed before school started. One task was to move everything out of the classrooms into the hallway, so that they could strip the floors and wax. They also were in charge of draining the water out of the pool to clean and disinfect from the year prior. One staff member touched up and repainted some spots of the school. The cafeteria tables are also deep cleaned, cleaning the pipes and underneath the tables, using the special “gum knife” to remove all the multi-colored spots.

 

“It’s hard to be a perfectionist when there is so much to do,” said Cole.

 

With school starting up again, a routine that seems to change every day was put into place. Coming into school around 2:30 and clocking out at 11:00, Cole starts off his shift with filling mop buckets, so that he can sweep and mop, assisted by a fellow janitor on the same shift. After the cafeteria is swept and mopped, they both move on to the 300 hallway referring to themselves as the “300 hallway pit crew.”  Going into each classroom, they spray each desk with sanitizer, letting it set to get the best results. In the meantime, they also sweep and collect the trash.

 

“We all enjoy the disinfection and the health aspect of cleaning,” said Cole.

 

After completing the classrooms, they move onto the library repeating the same process. On the list to complete is the lobby, main bathrooms, nurse’s office, athletic trainer’s room, and the faculty room. Each night, they also spray a certain chemical onto the wrestling mat to ensure all harmful bacteria is gone. Responsibilities might be added when team members are out, as well.

 

“Every night is different,” said Cole. “You have to plan yourself around what is going on in the school.”

The janitors are responsible to clean up after events, such as sporting events and musical concerts, and sometimes their cleaning process is interrupted by other events taking place anywhere in the school. “Adapting and overcoming every situation” was a phrase Cole repeatedly said.

 

Students in extracurricular activities form friendships with the janitors as they pass them on their way to their practice or activity.

 

“One time, I was singing in the hallway, and he [Cole] joined in,” said Abby Carbaugh (12). That was a memory she liked since it made him so approachable and they both laughed about it.

 

People sometimes don’t notice that the spill made the day before is cleaned, or the pile of pencil eraser dust is off the floor. Lots of behind the scene work is completed daily to ensure the health and wellbeing of each individual student.

 

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The Effect of Social Media Use on Teens

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Social media allows us to share ideas and creations with others, network, and be able to show expressions of our personality. With the current popular platforms teens have been using, they are able to form new relationships with others, share pictures that they took, and update people on their lives. While in theory social media is great place to partake in all of these activities, teens that are active on these sites can be at a greater risk for anxiety and depression.

 

The number of hours of screen time you are active on social media can affect your mental health.

 

An article posted in Clinical Psychological Science took a nationally represented survey of children in grades 8 to 12 and national suicide statistics from ages 13 to 18, and they found that children who are more active on social media were more likely to report their mental health concerns.

 

The number of social media sites you are on can also set you at a greater risk.

 

A study was published in Computers in Human Behavior that found the use of various social media sites is strongly associated with depression. This study concluded that teens who are on seven or more social media sites had a three times more likely risk of getting depression, and kids that are on two or less sites had a lesser risk.

 

When scrolling through social media, it causes teens to see “perfect” images that others post, causing them the pressure of wanting and feeling like they have to be like them. They feel pressure to have perfect photos and well-written posts like the posts they see, which can cause a great deal of anxiety. Girls are mainly susceptible to this due to them wanting to compare themselves to others to develop their identities.

 

A survey conducted in the UK in the Royal Society for Public Health asked kids ages 14-24 how social media platforms affected their mental health. The study concluded that social media platforms such as Snapchat, Facebook, and Instagram all led to increased feelings of depression, poor body image, and loneliness.

 

Whenever kids make friendships over social media, they can become too emotionally invested in them, and never get a chance to recollect themselves. Without a break you can get emotionally depleted, causing anxiety to appear more easily.

 

“Whatever we think of the ‘relationships’ maintained and in some cases initiated on social media, kids never get a break from them,” says Dr. Wick in the article How Using Social Media Affects Teenagers by Rachel Ehmke. Dr. Wick continues to say, “These days he might just disappear from your screen, and you never get to have the ‘What did I do?’ conversation.”

 

Due to being ignored, the “what did I do thought” will remain in their head, causing anxiety. This can lead to them thinking the worst about themselves which puts them at a greater risk for depression.

 

Social media not only can affect the way we think but can also affect the way we sleep.

 

Another study conducted in the UK published in the Journal of Youth Studies took 900 kids around 12-15 years old and surveyed them about their social media use. What they found was that one-fifth of the teens said they “almost always” wake up during the night and log in to social media. Kids need more sleep than adults, and with them waking up in the middle of the night to check their social media causes them to not get the sleep they need. This can be detrimental to their health, mentally and physically. The lack of sleep can make them more irritable, as well as lower their immune system causing them to be more susceptible to illness.

 

The human brain develops so much during the teenage years, and if you are constantly on social media, it can impact that growth. Being on these sites often can cause poor communication skills, lower your self esteem, and in the end, raise your stakes for being at risk for mental health concerns.

 

“Offline, the gold standard advice for helping kids build healthy self-esteem is to get them involved in something that they’re interested in,” says Sherri Gordon in the article, 5 Ways Social Media Affects Teen Mental Health.

If you get yourself involved in something you are interested in, it will boost your self esteem.

Sherri Gordon then continues to state, “When kids learn to feel good about what they can do instead of how they look and what they own, they’re happier and better prepared for success in real life.” This will help reduce their risk of feelings of anxiety and depression.

Filed under Entertainment, Showcase

Hustling and Bustling Through NYC

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Hustling and Bustling Through NYC

Shay Fisher

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Fascinated by adventure, but don’t wanna take the plunge to jump on a plane or travel halfway across the country? New York City may be the place to have a little thrill.

Located in the Northeastern side of the United States between Pennsylvania and the Canadian border, it is but a mere three to five-hour travel depending on the time and day. Here is a nifty travel guide to give you the ins and outs of the “Big Apple.”

Getting There

There are endless amounts of ways to enter into the city: buses, cars, planes, trains, even Uber, but that may put a dent in your pocket.

Buses are your best bet for getting into the city for the first time as a New York tourist. It ensures you arrive and depart without any worry of being left behind or stranded in the midst of skyscrapers. These tend to cost between $90-200, depending on which bus company and the excursions involved. Obviously, the more money you have to spare, the longer the days and hours being able to be spent in the city.

Cars can also be a mode of transportation to get into the “Big Apple,” but it is  not recommend to drive into the city unless you know of someone inside the city since it can get complicated fast due to several reasons:

  1. Limited parking. It is a big city filled with millions of people. I wish you luck finding a parking space.
  2. Traffic, Traffic, Traffic. Your car will be buried amongst buses, taxis, Ubers, Lyfts, and locals to the area.
  3. Go ahead and buy a replacement horn. Trust me on this, you will need a new horn after driving through this crazy city. You may hear birds chirping from where you’re from, but in New York, those “birds chirping” are horns being honked.

Simply do not drive.

Lastly, the Amtrak Train is by far the best transportation I have taken. You can find all the train station locations here.

Depending on the location of entering the Amtrak will determine the amount of time to get the city and the price.

Food

A four-letter word that is dearest to everyone’s heart, especially in a place with so many options to choose from.

As everyone will tell you, pizza is always the way to go. This will, in fact, be your cheapest option in the city with several nook-and-cranny pizza places having 99 cent slices of pizza that will be bigger than your head, literally. You can find many of pizza places scattered throughout the city, but your best bet for authentic may perhaps be Little Italy.

If you are not so big into the greasy on the go type, or you are just not in the mood for pizza, there are approximately 44,910 eating and drinking locations in New York City according to https://www.restaurant.org/Downloads/PDFs/State-Statistics/NewYork.pdf

Good luck trying to figure out which place to eat!

As a dessert connoisseur, you should rightfully choose Dō Cookie Dough Confections. when coming for a sugary treat. The go-to choice would be the sugar cookie dough served in a cone, but if preferred can be put into a dish. If you are vegan or gluten-free, they have options for you, too! If wishing to go, type this address into your GPS and off you go: 550 LaGuardia PI, New York, NY 10012.

Parks & Outdoor Spaces

Central Park, a hidden forest inside a bustling cityscape that when lost inside, you cannot see the penetrating buildings touching the sky. 840 acres total, the park has many features. One of them coming up is the famous Wollman Rink which can found in many famous ice skating scenes in movies making it a popular spot during the cold season. After getting ice skating checked off your list, head over to the historic carousel to bring out your inner child and take a spin. If none of these sound pleasing, just take a stroll through the beautiful paths lined with park benches and embrace the sights and sounds within.

Known as Manhattan’s Town Square is Bryant Park, a place to sit and watch people pass, get a bite to eat, or take in the skyscrapers encasing the park. There is always something to take on in this part of the city. The park is bustling with activity from ping pong matches that you can sign up to play a random opponent or perhaps a friend. If you are up for a challenge, you may also enter yourself into a ping-pong tournament if you are lucky to catch one while walking through. Hungry for something to eat, you can find a restaurant called the SouthWest Porch located 41 W 40th St, New York, NY 10018 where you can sit down, relax, and enjoy a meal while still see the features of the park around you.

An iconic bridge can be spotted in New York known as the Brooklyn Bridge connecting Manhattan and Brooklyn together over the East River.  Many people like to recreate the famous pictures that are taken on the bridge, but if you are not a fan you can just snap some cool pictures.

Dropping the cash

The spot every tourist visits and locals avoid is Time Square, known for the New Year’s Ball Drop, and for the most popular shopping stores in America. The stores located in this prime location are Hershey’s Chocolate World, Sephora, M&M’s World, Old Navy, Gap, H&M, Forever 21, American Eagle Outfitters, and many more. A prime location for business, many of these stores hold special features that you could never experience anywhere else such as walking the runway in H&M to be broadcasted on the Time Square monitors, or snap some photos in American Eagle to be flashed up on the screens for millions of people to see.

If you are not about dropping that cash, but wanna pick up some new style or some items walk your way through Chinatown. Throughout, you will find shops and markets selling things cheaper than other places in the city.

The higher budget stores can found on Fifth Avenue where you will find Tiffany & Co, Louis Vuitton, Versace, Cartier, and many other high price stores like Gucci. Traveling on this Avenue before, but never had the opportunity to every to walk into one of the stores, if you can’t afford the stores, take a look and admire the decor and window displays. They are some of the most exotic and glamorous displays to be seen.

What are you waiting for? Take the plunge and immerse yourself into the “Big Apple” and discover something unknown about the city while taking in the view of the New York skyline.

Filed under Showcase, Yearbook

Contest Alert! Win a Free Yearbook!

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Contest Alert! Win a Free Yearbook!

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This year, our yearbook theme is “Let’s Rewind,” so we are rewinding back to your past with a contest to help you win a FREE YEARBOOK!  Who doesn’t want a yearbook, a $75 value, for FREE?

Here is what you need to do.  In order to win, you must complete all steps and make sure you read the fine print.  Even if you already bought a yearbook, YOU COULD STILL WIN!

  1. Submit a THROWBACK photo of you and your JB friends to [email protected]
    • We are looking for pics of you and other students from when you were in elementary, middle school, etc.
    • We want to REWIND through the years with you.
    • Photos must be submitted digitally.
    • Students must currently be enrolled at JBHS (cannot have already graduated)
    • State your name, grade, and #JBRewindContest in the subject line

2. Follow us on a minimum of our social media accounts (linked below)

  1.  Instagram
  2. Twitter
  3. Facebook

3.  Comment on the post for the yearbook giveaway with the image shown to the right.

  • Tag 3 friends that attend JB in the post and comment #JBRewindContest

4.  An additional entry (1 maximum) for posting the photo on social media, tagging JB Student Media, and using #JBRewindContest as the hashtag.

*FINE PRINT: This contest is not sponsored or affiliated in any way by Instagram, Facebook, or Twitter, or Jostens.  All entrants must complete Steps 1-3 in the entirety to win and must currently be enrolled in James Buchanan High School to win.  Each person will earn an extra entry for completing step 4.  We will be giving away 3 yearbooks ($75 value).  A reimbursement check will be made payable to the person who purchased the yearbook according to Jostens records if it was already paid in full.  If the student is a senior and has already placed the order, the parent and student will have the choice to get a 1/4 page senior advertisement for free in place of the yearbook fee.  If a photo is not received, or if the photo includes people not currently JBHS.  Contest will close on Friday, November 2, 2018 at 11:59 PM and winners will be announced via social media on Monday, November 5, 2018.

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